political economist specialising in Customs and Trade Law,
with some 30 years experience in dealing with these matters on
behalf of multi-national companies. He is acknowledged as one of
the foremost experts in US Export Controls in Europe and was
responsible for Compliance Worldwide.
He graduated in Politics, Economics and
Statistics and has a post-graduate diploma in Computing and
Business Studies. After nearly thirty years dealing with Trade
issues on both sides of the Atlantic and with Asia-Pacific
countries, he is well placed to interpret European, US
and International Export Controls and Customs legislation
especially for multinational and High Technology companies.
was for many years Head of Trade and Regulatory Affairs at ICL
and Fujitsu-ICL. He also served as Vice President of the US
Companies of The Group.
Brussels, London, International Chamber of Commerce HQ in Paris,
and in Europe generally, he is best known for his contributions
to the development of Trade Policy and the WTO.
has been active on these issues and Export Controls in Trade Associations,
Conferences and "Think Tanks ".
is best known in the IT industry world-wide for leading
UK, US, Japanese and European High Tech industry in successful
opposition to European Anti-Dumping and Customs tariffs on
Microcircuits, PCBs and Software and in obtaining suspensions of
Customs and Anti-Dumping Duties. His success on these issues has
led to multi-million of ECU in Tariff reductions for the High
Washington DC, he assisted in the development of US Trade Policy
on GATT, Tariffs, Export Control including industry
representations to USTR and to Congress. He successfully
negotiated with the US Departments of Commerce, State and
Defence increasingly broad exemptions from the US Export
Administration Regulations including a "deminimis
rule" and precedent setting exemptions from US embargoes on
was registered under the Foreign Agents Registration Act (FARA),
for the purposes of influencing changes in US Regulations
US issues he covered included:-
has written submissions to Select Committees of both the House
of Lords and Commons, as well as leading industry delegations to
the European Parliament, the European Commission and to NATO
Parliamentarians. He has addressed UK, US and European
legislators, Commissioners and Chief Justices on Trade, GATT and
has been involved in lobbying through Trade Associations and
directly to European Commission, British Government and US
Government Agencies for changes in regulation in Export Control,
Anti-dumping, Customs, Trade Legislation and Industrial policy.
successfully dealt with Customs cases, Import/Export issues,
etc. for over 20 years in Czechoslovakia, France, Germany,
Holland, Hungary, India, Poland, Switzerland, Sweden, Finland,
Turkey, Singapore, EU Countries, Hong Kong and every English
speaking country in the world including S. Africa, Canada, New
Zealand, UK, USA, Australia, and Ireland.
specific areas of Customs Law included:-
including Computer hardware and software and Electronic
Classification of whole
variety of hi-tech products including chain of sales
transactions and issues of ownership.
Preference for entry to
the EU, Origin of Goods
NAFTA - North America
Free Trade Area
Customs and Export
Free Trade Zones in US,
Europe and elsewhere
Inward and Outward
Processing Relief, Temporary Imports
Trades Descriptions Act UK
a solicitor specialising in Customs and VAT.
previously worked in the Customs and Excise Solicitor's
Office, he is one of the UK's most experienced advocate
in VAT and Duties appeals, having represented HM Customs
more than 1000 times between 1988 and 1996.
qualified as a Solicitor in 1983, and spent 3 years in general
litigation practice in Cardiff before joining HM Customs in
London in 1986. In 1990, he set up the Solicitor's Office VAT
and Excise Division in Manchester, of which he was head until
1996, when he joined Hammond Suddards.
has handled every area of VAT and Excise liability, including
land and property, partial exemption, retail schemes, TOMS,
pyramid selling and finance as well as mainstream assessment
and Alex have worked in association for many years on
multi-million pound cases involving 7 countries.
was previously Export Control and Licensing Manager of FUJITSU-ICL
has for many years been a member of the UK COCOM team and is one
of the foremost experts in classification of High Tech equipment
including Cryptography. Graham also chaired the UK Electronics
Industry Export Control Group (FEI JETSECC).
also was responsible for Export Control Compliance in FUJITSU-ICL
is one of the foremost experts in UK/European Controls in Europe
and were instrumental in developing the first Open General
Export Licences (OGELs ) and Open Individual Export Licences (OIELs)
working with Alex and with the BIS.
can also fairly claim to be as expert in US Export Controls as
anyone this side of the Atlantic.
(and Alex) have negotiated or otherwise advised many UK/US,
Japanese and European companies and dealt with thousands of
issues involving US Export Controls over more than 20 Years,
including the Tech Data controls, which are now being emulated
in the UK and we believe in Japanese and EU regulations.
also has considerable experience in Customs Law and Data
Protection. Graham is an honours graduate in Maths.
A graduate in Mathematics and has worked as a statistician in
both the public and private sector.
is also a marketing consultant and an expert in evaluating
Has also worked in econometric forecasting and has led many
training courses in IT and statistics.
has undertaken a study on free trade zones worldwide and used
her charting and statistical experience to illuminate and expand
the defence cases pursued by Alex and Nigel.